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Trevitt's Blog: Cornering ABS and using the rear brake

One rider aid that is available on an increasing number of new motorcycles is cornering ABS, sometimes incorporated into a stability control package. In its basic form, a cornering ABS function takes into account the motorcycle's lean angle to adjust brake pressure, increasing the ABS effectiveness beyond a simple straight-line stop. However, as I outlined in a previous Inside Motorcycles article ("Smarter ABS," Dec. 2015), these systems offer much more than just improved ABS function.

One basic handling characteristic of practically all motorcycles is the tendency to stand up when the front brake is applied in a corner. Due to the front-end geometry and the relationship between the front tire's contact patch and the steering axis, using the front brake when the motorcycle is leaned over causes the steering to turn further into the corner, inducing countersteer that stands the bike up and causes it to run wide. This, of course, is exactly what we don't want when we encounter a fallen tree limb or some similar hazard in the middle of the corner.

The various cornering ABS functions, sometimes part of a stability control or cornering management feature, counter this by sensing that the motorcycle's lean angle is decreasing as the front brake is applied, and transferring brake pressure from the front brake to the rear. This reduces the induced countersteer but retains overall braking pressure, so the motorcycle still brakes as the rider wants but doesn't stand up.

Noted tuner Kaz Yoshima uses the analogy of driving a car with a trailer when it comes to using a motorcycle's rear brake. Just as using the trailer brakes alone can stop a trailer from uncontrollably swaying side to side, using the rear brake on a motorcycle can add stability when entering a corner.

On a road racing machine, riders brake so hard that the rear wheel is often in the air, and the rear brake has minimal effect through the majority of the braking zone. As the rider releases the front brake and arcs into the corner, load does transfer to the rear and more rear brake can be used during this brief transition. That said, this typically can be managed using engine braking, either through electronic controls or an adjustable slipper clutch, and many riders do not use the rear brake at all on track.

The situation is much different for street riders, however. Data shows that even at a "spirited" pace for most riders, braking forces on the street are considerably less than those seen on the track. This means that there is typically much more load on the rear tire under braking, even in a straight line and especially entering a corner. This additional load can tolerate significantly more braking than the engine alone can provide, and now the rear brake is more effective. Using additional rear brake and less front brake will reduce the chance of the front tire locking up, and at the same time - using the trailer analogy - will add stability to the situation.

Take a step back from the sport bike realm, and the effect is even more noticeable. Standard bikes, sport touring bikes, and especially cruisers and touring bikes don't have the front-end bias of a sport bike, leaving plenty of load on the rear tire that can be put to good use for braking.

The takeaway here is that while riders on the track may use little or even no rear brake, on the street it is a much more effective tool for not only increasing safety, but also influencing the handling of the machine. Cornering ABS and stability control functions use this to look after the safety aspect should you get into trouble some day, but using the same concept, pro-active use of the rear brake has both safety and performance benefits.

Wednesday, 11 January 2017 14:53 Published in Andrew Trevitt

Kawasaki announces new 2017 models destined for Canada including Z650, Z900, ZX-10RR and Versys X-300 ABS

Canadian Kawasaki Motors released information on its 2017 model range on October 14, including four all-new models destined for Canadian dealerships.

Tuesday, 15 November 2016 13:39 Published in Industry News

Honda Canada announces more new models for 2014

November 4th, 2013, Markham, ON - Honda has already introduced a number of new models
for 2014 - the Forza, GROM and the CTX700 series - and that’s just on the motorcycle side of
the business.

Continuing this strong momentum, Honda is proud to announce the all-new CTX1300T, this
all new bike looks like nothing else out there, and rides like nothing else out there.

Tuesday, 05 November 2013 14:01 Published in Industry News

KTM claims new 'cornering ABS' makes the 1190 Adventure the "world's safest motorcycle"

The 2014 KTM 1190 Adventure and 1190 Adventure R feature a truly revolutionary rider assistance system: the riding dynamics control MSC (Motorcycle Stability Control). This system makes a long held dream come true – ABS that even works perfectly while cornering.

Thursday, 26 September 2013 14:50 Published in Industry News

2014 Kawasaki Ninja 1000 ABS: Stylish and Comfortable Sportbike Upgraded for Today’s Rider

Riders who want real world, open class performance need to look no further than the upgraded 2014 Kawasaki Ninja® 1000 ABS sportbike. With an unmistakably aggressive profile that could only come from the Ninja family tree, this premium quality sportbike has the perfect combination of power, handling, looks, technology and rideability.

Thursday, 12 September 2013 13:05 Published in Industry News

ABS and Keyless Security comes to 2014 Sportster models

The confidence-inspiring control offered by ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) is a new option for all 2014 Harley-Davidson® Sportster® model motorcycles. The five-model Sportster® line also features updated hand controls and brake components, improved service access, and an optional H‑D® Smart Security System with a proximity-based, hands-free security fob.

Wednesday, 21 August 2013 10:49 Published in Industry News